The Indian farmer had discovered and begun farming many spices and sugarcane more than 2500 years ago. Did you know that our country is the 2nd largest producer of agricultural products in the world? Infact, agriculture contributes as much as 6.1% (as of 2017) to our Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Let us find out about the different methods adopted by an Indian farmer and how it helps him grow all the variety of crops that we consume and export.BOGAA FOUNDATION initiate a program, Bogaa Primitive Subsistence Farming (BPSF) to promote our farmers.
Primitive Subsistence Farming
This is a primitive farming method and farmers still practice it in some parts of the country. While this type of subsistence farming is typically done on small areas of land, it also uses indigenous tools like a hoe, Dao, digging sticks, etc. Usually, a family or the local community of Indian farmers are engaged in this farming method who use the output for their own consumption. This is the most natural method, where the growth of crops but dependent on the rain, heat, fertility of the soil and other environmental conditions.The key to this farming technique is the ‘slash and burn’ method. In this practice, once the crops are grown and harvested, the farmers burn the land. They then move to a clear patch of land for a new batch of cultivation. As a result, the land gains back its fertility, naturally. Because no fertilizers are used for cultivation, the primitive subsistence method yields good quality crops and also retains the properties of the soil.Bogaa Natural Farming (BNF) is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.Without the need to spend money on these inputs or take loans to buy them the cost of production could be reduced and farming made into a “zero budget” exercise, breaking the debt cycle for many small farmers. Instead of commercially produced chemical inputs, the BNF promotes the application of jeevamrutha – a mixture of fresh desi cow dung and aged desi cow urine, jaggery, pulse flour, water and soil on farmland. This is a fermented microbial culture that adds nutrients to the soil, and acts as a catalytic agent to promote the activity of micro organisms and earthworms in the soil. About 200 litres of jeevamrutha should be sprayed twice a month per acre of land. after three years, the system is supposed to become self-sustaining. Only one cow is needed for 30 acres of land, according to with the caveat that it must be a local Indian breed not an imported Jersey or Holstein.A similar mixture, called bijamrita, is used to treat seeds, while concoctions using neem leaves and pulp, tobacco and green chillies are prepared for insect and pest management.The BNF method also promotes soil aeration, minimal watering, intercropping, bunds and topsoil mulching and discourages intensive irrigation and deep ploughing.
Why BNF does it matter?
According to National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) data, almost 70% of agricultural households spend more than they earn and more than half of all farmers are in debt. In States such as Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, levels of indebtedness are around 90%, where each household bears an average debt of ₹1 lakh. In order to achieve the Central government’s promise to double farmers income by 2022, one aspect being considered is natural farming methods such as the BNF which reduce farmers’ dependence on loans to purchase inputs they cannot afford. Meanwhile, inter-cropping allows for increased returns.
PESTICIDES ARE DANGER
Do pesticides help plants grow?
Yes. there is no doubt without crop protection include pesticides more than half of the world’s crop would be lost to insects disease and weeds. Pesticides are important. They help farmers grow more food on list land by protecting crops from pests, disease and weeds as well as raising productivity per hectare.
Why farmers should not use pesticides?
Pesticides can also prevented disease from spreading. So, using pesticides lower the risk of losing one’s crop of the season. Organic farms also tend to spray Nature pesticides on their produced.
The pesticides are dangerous for the environment.
These are the practice have been done throughout the world by the inorganic farmers.
Do pesticides kills only pests in the farm?
Pesticides are meant to kill only pests which is harming crops. But, People ever think that it will never harm in humanbeings.Yes. pesticides are poison. unfortunately, they can harm more than just the best at which they are targeted they are toxic and exposure to pesticides can cause the number of health effects. They are linked to arrange of serious illness and diseases from respiratory problem to cancer.Pesticides can cause short term adverse health effects called acute effects, as well as chronic adverse effects that can occur months of 9 years after exposure examples of acute health effects include stinging eyes, rashes, blisters, blindness, nausea, dizziness, diarrhoea and death.Pesticides, which is the cause of serious illness creating on human beings. The insects & rats can die after taking pesticide compounds. For sure it can vanish mankind from the earth.If the pesticides compounds are badly misused by the humans either accidentally or deliberately it causes to the death.So, this is not a Pesticide.It should be called Humanicide. Our ‘Guruji Shri Sivarajayogi’ founder of Bogaa Foundation plans,To prevent mankind from this disaster Bogaa Foundation have taken Bogaa Pesticide Free Pledge Program (BPFP).BOGAA FOUNDATION prefer herbicides toxicity and natural alternative. Which we are creating awareness to the farmers through campaign.BOGAA Foundation is spread the awareness through camp like Nattupura Pattu,Villu Pattu, Drama etc…,